Assessment of Natural Radioactivity Levels in Soil and Chemical Fertilizers Widely used in Upper Egypt
Natural Radioactivity in Soil and Chemical Fertilizers
Keywords:Natural radionuclides, Soil, chemical fertilizers, gamma ray spectrometer
In order to protect the health of the farmers from natural radiation, the assessment of natural radionuclides concentrations (226Ra, 232Th and 40K) in soil and chemical fertilizers have been done. By using NaI(Tl) detector gamma ray spectrometer , the specific activities of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in Bqkg-1 for four types of agriculture soil textures and seven types of chemical fertilizers commonly used in upper Egypt . The obtained results were compared with the global average and tolerable limits as recommended in UNSCEAR 2008.
Tzortzis, M., Svoukis, E., Tsetos, H., 2004. A comprehensive study of natural gamma radioactivity levels and associated dose rates from surface soils in Cyprus. Radiat.Prot. Dosim. 109, 3.
Atef El-Tahera, , Fatimh Alshahrib, Reda Elsamana. Environmental impacts of heavy metals, rare earth elements and naturalradionuclides in marine sediment from Ras Tanura, Saudi Arabia along theArabian Gulf. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 132 (2018) 95–104
Chandrasekaran, A., Ravisankar, R., Senthilkumar, G., Thilivalavan, K., Dinkaran, B.,Vijayagopal, P., Bramha, S.N., Venkatraman, B., 2014. Spatial distribution and lifetime cancer risk due to gamma radioactivity in Yelagiri Hills, Tamilnadu, India.Egypt. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 1–1, 1.
El-Taher, A., Madkour, H.A., 2014. Environmental and radio-ecological studies on shallow marine sediments from harbour areas along the Red Sea coast of Egypt for identification of anthropogenic impacts Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies. J. Isot. Environ. Health Stud. 50, 120–133.
S. Issa, M. Uosif and R. Elsaman, “Gamma radioactivity measurements in Nile River Sediment samples”, Turkish J Eng Env Sci., vol. 37, (2013), pp. 109-122.
A.M. Shams Issa, A. M. A. Mostafa and A. El-Salam M. Lotfy, “Radiological impacts of natural radioactivity in phosphate rocks from El-Sibaiya and Red Sea coast mines, Egypt”, Journal of Radioanal Nucl Chem, vol. 303, (2015), pp. 53-61.
M. A. M. Uosif, A. M. A. Mostafa, R. Elsaman and E.-s. Moustafa, “Natural radioactivity levels and radiological hazards indices of chemical fertilizers commonly used in Upper Egypt”, Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences, vol. 7, (2014), pp. 430-437.
GENIE-2000, Basic spectroscopy (Standalone) V1.2A Copyright (c), Canberra Industries (1997).
UNSCEAR. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. Sources, effects and risks of ionizing radiation. Report to the General Assembly with annex B. United Nations, New York, (2000).
Uosif, M. A. M. (2007). Gamma-ray spectroscopic analysis of selected samples of Nile river sediments in Upper Egypt. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 123(2), 215e220.